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Clarification: This article is about the practice of Ekimansulo. For linguistic uses of the term "Ekimansulo", click here.

Ekimansulo or Kimansulo is the Ugandan term for strip tease or nude dancing. The practice emerged in Uganda in the mid-1990s in the suburbs of Kampala such as Kabalagala, Kasanga, Ntinda and Nakulabye. Due to public outcry, especially by Christian religious groups, police clamped down heavily on the practice. However, Ekimansulo shows are still organised underground, though not on a regular basis to avoid police detection.


[edit] Origins

Ekimansulo gets underway with Amanda and her "Angels"
Ekimansulo gets underway with Amanda and her "Angels"

Modern erotic dances were introduced to Uganda by Congolese performers, particularly the singer Tshala Muana, who became popular in Uganda in the early 1990s for her music as much as for her practice of lifting her skirt up during her stage performances.

However, the origin of Ekimansulo is more closely associated with Shadow's Angels, a dance group of Ugandan girls in their late teens or early 20s that was put together by radio DJ Alan Mugisha, popularly known as The Shadow.

The sexy, scantly dressed Shadow's Angels performed erotic dances to American hip-hop and R&B music. Their main base was Will's Cafe in Kabalagala. Their routine included what they called "punishment", where they would pick a man from the audience, sit him on a chair and "punish" him with a lap dance.

Though they dressed scantily, the Shadow's Angels never threw off their clothes completely. They became very popular and soon, copycat acts sprang up around Kampala.

[edit] Ekimansulo is born

As the competition for audiences increased, some of the dance groups made their dances ever more erotic, resulting in nude dances where the female performers would throw off all their clothes and dance naked. There were reports of some groups simulating sex on the stage. As Ekimansulo increased in popularity, so did its condemnation, especially by religious leaders and some politicians. This prompted the police to clamp down on the practice, arresting some of the performers. Police action, however, only pushed it further underground and the organisers became more discreet.

[edit] Ekimansulo groups

[edit] Death of Shadow's Angels

The founder of Shadow's Angels, The Shadow, became a born again Christian and disbanded the group.

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